The Scenario of Higher Education in India; challenge and elucidation

SaveSavedRemoved 0

Author Name :- Dr. Gurudatt Kakkar,Dr. Sonika Kakkar,

Journal type:- IJCRI-International journal of Creative Research & Innovation

Research Field Area :-  Department of Education ; Volume 2, Issue 1, No. of Pages: 5 

Your Research Paper Id :- 20171201

Download Published File :-  Click here

Abstraction :-

The role of the higher education in the national development is well established. A significant growth in this sector has been observed in the last six decades. The fact is Indian Higher Education System Network is largest in the world with maximum number of affiliated and constituent colleges or institutions. This has also contributed significantly in the economic growth of the India. When India introduced its first five year plan there were 28 Universities, 695 colleges and 1,74000 students in comparison of today’s more than 700 universities and 36,000 affiliated colleges enrolling nearly 30 million students which makes about 18 per cent Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education in India, the scene is quite complex. With all these institutions, nearly 86 per cent of students are enrolled in bachelor’s degree programs with about 74 per cent enrolling in three-year B.A., B.Com. or B.Sc. degrees. One-sixth of all Indian students are enrolled in engineering/technology degrees. Education, medicine, agriculture, veterinary science and law all together accounts for less than 10 per cent of total enrolment. About 12 per cent students pursue post graduate studies whereas only 2 per cent are enrolled in doctoral degree and other diploma programs. Still the higher education system is passing through turbulent time and facing many challenges. The gross enrollment ratio of India is is very low in comparison with other countries eg. China more than 23%, UK 57% and US with 83%.

Keywords :- 

Higher Education, challenge , elucidation , Faculty

References :-

1. Ved Prakash-`Trends in Growth and Financing of Higher Education in India' EPW (Economic
and Political Weekly) Aug. 4th . 2007
2. Yashpal- 'A Report of The Committee to Advise on Renovation and Rejuvenation of Higher
Education in India'. 2009
3 Daniel C. Levy Access through Private Higher Education: Global Patterns and Indian
Illustrations PROPHE Working Paper #11 April 2008
4. Private Higher Education: A Global Revolution- By Philip G. Altbach, Daniel C. Levy
5. National Knowledge Commission: The Third Umpire by A Gnanam- University News Dec.2
6. Private Higher Education-Globbal Trends and Indian Perspectives-Asha Gupta, K. B.Powar
and Daniel Levy — Shipra Publication. 2008
7. CABE Committee on financing of higher and technical education-Jandhyala Tilak-2005.